How did the Greeks monitor foot races during the ancient Olympic games without technologies such as Timex watches and slow-motion cameras? They certainly weren't worried about doping, but there were other ways runners could gain unfair advantages over their competitors.
Golden, Mark. Sport and Society in Ancient Greece. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998.
Miller, Stephen G. Ancient Greek Athletics. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2006.
Sears, Edward S. Running Through the Ages. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2001.
Swaddling, Judith. The Ancient Olympic Games. London: British Museum Publications, 1980.
Wooyeal, Paik and Daniel A. Bell. "Citizenship and State-Sponsored Physical Education: Ancient Greece and Ancient China." The Review of Politics, Vol. 66, No. 1 (Winter 2004): 7-34.
This episode is part of our Running in History Series.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin MacLeod (www.incompetech.com)