Death rays, invasions, and bombs, oh my! The plots foiled by fictional spies in the early twentieth century were outlandish enough to inspire numerous spoofs, from Agatha Christie to Dr. Strangelove. From Kipling’s “Great Game” to John Buchan’s 39 Steps, the rise of espionage in fiction mirrored British anxieties about the world and its place in it. Idealism and social criticism were often closely linked, with unlikely heroes (and sometimes heroines) being plucked from obscurity to save the day… and sometimes the world. This podcast episode discusses how the tropes of British spy fiction were formed and transcended in the first half of the twentieth century.
Arnold E. Davidson, “The Sign of Conrad’s Secret Agent.” College Literature 8 (1981): 33-41.
Christopher Harvie, “Second Thoughts of a Scotsman on the Make: Politics, Nationalism, and Myth in John Buchan.” The Scottish Historical Review 70 (1991): 31-54.
A. Michael Matin, “‘We Aren’t German Slaves Here, Thank God’: Conrad’s Transposed Nationalism and British Literature of Espionage and Invasion.” Journal of Modern Literature 21 (1997/98): 251-280.
Victoria Nelson, “Introduction,” in: Rogue Male, by Geoffrey Household, NYRB Classics, (2007).
LeRoy Panek, The Special Branch: The British Spy Novel, 1890-1980, Bowling Green University Popular Press, (1981).
Myron J. Smith, Cloak and Dagger: An Annotated Guide to Spy Thrillers, Greenwood Press, (1995).
Novels (from the 1890s-1930s)
Anthony Hope Hopkins, The Prisoner of Zenda
Rudyard Kipling, Kim
Joseph Conrad, The Secret Agent
John Buchan, The 39 Steps
Agatha Christie, N or M?
Sapper, Bulldog Drummond
Dorothy L. Sayers, Have His Carcase
Eric Ambler, Journey Into Fear
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)