From the late eighteenth century to the coming of the First World War, Europe's haute bourgeoisie looked to mineral waters (sipped or bathed in) as medication for their malaises and a cure for ennui. The architecture and economy of spa towns developed accordingly, creating an atmosphere for international communities to mingle socially, consume culture, and display their wealth. This podcast examines these phenomena...and the fascination they exercised for generations of literary giants.
Shelley Baranowski and Ellen Furlough, "Introduction," in: Being Elsewhere: Tourism, Consumer Culture, and Identity in Modern Europe and North America. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001.
Trevor Fawcett, Bath Entertain'd: Amusements, Recreations, and Gambling at the 18th-Century Spa. Bath: Ruton, 1998.
Douglas Peter Mackaman, Leisure Settings: Bourgeois Culture, Medicine, and the Spa in Modern France. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998.
Tomi Brezovec, "To the Spa or the Sea? Changes in Health Tourism Demand in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy." (talk, unpublished.)
Jane Austen, Northanger Abbey
Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Gambler
George Eliot, Daniel Deronda
Ford Madox Ford, The Good Soldier
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)