As the United States deals with a critical mass of imprisoned citizens, it might be worthwhile to consider how historical civilizations dealt with the punishment of non-violent offenders. How did England maintain order before the rise of the prison? This episode explores alternatives to long-term prison sentences by examining the origins of the US English legal system - with surprising results.
William Hinkle, A History of Bridewell Prison, 1553-1700. Mellon Press: 2006.
Sarah Covington, "Cutting, Branding, Whipping, Burning: The Performance of Judicial Wounding in Early Modern England." Staging Pain, 1580-1800: Violence and Trauma in British Theater. James Robert Allard and Mathew R. Martin, eds. Ashgate Publishing: 2009, pp 93-110.
Anthony Fletcher, Order and Disorder in Early Modern England. Cambridge University Press: 1987.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)