The landscape of the Christian afterlife has never been static, and over the last 2,000 years, the theology of what the hereafter looks like has evolved drastically. In this episode, we trace the origins and medieval development of one of the most significant and controversial Christian beliefs: Purgatory.
Jacques Le Goff, The Birth of Purgatory, Trans. Arthur Goldhammer., University of Chicago Press, 1986.
Abagail Frey, ed. A New History of Penance. Brill, 2008.
Robert Meens, Penance in Medieval Europe, 600-1200. Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Isabel Moreira, Heaven's Purge: Purgatory in Late Antiquity. Oxford University Press, 2010.
Peter Brown, "The Decline of the Empire of God: Amnesty, Penance, and the Afterlife from Late Antiquity to the Middle Ages." In Last Things: Death and the Apocalypse in the Middle Ages. Ed. Caroline Walker Bynum and Paul Freedman. University of Pennsylvania Press, 2000. pp.41-59.
Peter Brown, "The End of the Ancient Other World: Death and the Afterlife Between Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages." The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 20 (1999): 19-85.
Carolyn Walker Bynum, The Resurrection of the Dead in Western Christianity, 200-1336. Columbia University Press, 1995.
Joseph Ntedika, L'Évolution de la doctrine du purgatoire chez saint Augustin. Études Augustiniennes, 1966.
Alan F. Segal,LIfe After Death: A History of the Afterlife in Western Religion. Doubleday, 1989.
Marina Smythe, "The Origins of Purgatory Through the Lens of Seventh-Century Irish Eschatology," Traditio 58 (2003): 91-132.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)