By the dawn of the 17th century only one region of Ireland was largely out of English control. To change this, the Gaelic Irish heir to Ulster- Hugh O'Neill- was raised under close watch of the English crown. So what went wrong? Why did Hugh O'Neill end up in full rebellion against Tudor Queen Elizabeth I? And what exactly was the Flight of the Earls?
Nicholas Canny. “Hugh O’Neill, second earl of Tyrone (c. 1550-1616)” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004; Online edn, Jan 2008.
Steven Ellis. Ireland in the Age of the Tudors: 1447-1603. United Kingdom: Addison Wesley Longman Ltd., 1998.
John Guy. Tudor England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988.
Margaret MacCurtain. Tudor and Stuart Ireland. Dublin: Richview Browne& Nolan Ltd., 1972.
Hiram Morgan. “Hugh O’Neill and the Nine Years War in Tudor Ireland.” The Historical Journal. 36 (1993), pp 21-37.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)