Between 1794 and 1804, the newly emancipated people of the colony of Saint-Domingue created a government under the leadership of Toussaint Louverture and defeated Napoleonic forces to become their own independent country. In this episode, Elizabeth explains the role of Louverture but also the international ramifications of the creation of Haiti.
Laurent Dubois, Avengers of the New World (Harvard University Press, 2005).
Jeremy D. Popkin, A Concise History of the Haitian Revolution, Vol. 3 (John Wiley & Sons, 2011).
--, Facing Racial Revolution: Eyewitness Accounts of the Haitian Insurrection. (University of Chicago Press, 2010).
Carolyn E. Fick, "The Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic Context," Proceedings of the Meeting of the French Colonial Society, 19 (1994) pp. 128-140.
Philippe R. Girard, The Memoir of Toussaint Louverture, (Oxford University Press, 2014).
--, The Slaves Who Defeated Napoleon: Toussaint Louverture and the Haitian War of Independence, 1801-1804, (University of Alabama Press, 2011).
--, Toussaint Louverture: A Revolutionary Life, (Basic Books, 2016).
Alyssa Goldstein Sepinwall, "Beyond 'The Black Jacobins': Haitian Revolutionary Historiography Comes of Age," Journal of Haitian Studies, 23:1 (Spring 2017), pp. 4-34.
C.L.R. James, The Black Jacobins: Toussaint L'Ouverture and the San Domingo Revolution, (Penguin UK, 1938, reprint 2001).
Brown University's Timeline of Haitian History
Fictions of the Haitian Revolution
Haitian Studies Association
The Haitian Revolution, Part I: 1791-1793
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)