In 1995, Disney released Pocahontas, its first animated film based on a real person. Set in 1607, the film depicts the encounter between Pocahontas, an American Indian woman, and John Smith, an English settler, in what is now the state of Virginia. In this episode Christine uses the popular movie that gave us songs like "Colors of the Wind" as the starting point for separating fact from fiction and investigating the real life of Pocahontas.
Linwood “Little Bear” Custalow and Angela “Silver Star” Daniel, The True Story of Pocahontas: The Other Side of History, Fulcrum, (2007).
J. Frederick Fausz, "Pocahontas (1596-21 March 1617)", American National Biography, Oxford University Press, (2000).
---, "Powhatan (fl. 1607-1618)", American National Biography, Oxford University Press, (2000).
Karen Ordahl Kipperman, "Smith, John (1580-21 June 1631", American National Biography, Oxford University Press, (2000).
Heike Paul, "Pocahontas and the Myth of Transatlantic Love", in The Myths That Made America, Transcript Verlag, (2014).
Helen C. Rountree, Pocahontas's People: The Powhatan Indians of Virginia Through Four Centuries, University of Oklahoma Press, (1990).
John Smith, The Generall Historie of Virginia, New-England, and the Summer Isles..., (1624), via Documenting the American South/UNC.
Camilla Townsend, Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma, Hill and Wang, (2004).
Irene Bedard's Pocahontas Interview at Magic City Comic Con, (2016).
Letter from John Rolfe to Sir Thomas Dale, (1614), via Encyclopedia Virginia.
The Making of 'Pocahontas': A Legend Comes to Life, Disney, (1995).
The Powhatan Indian World, National Park Service, (2015).
A Study of Virginia Indians and Jamestown: The First Century, Danielle Moretti-Langholtz, PI, National Park Service, (2005).
National Congress of American Indians.
Virginia Council on Indians, "A Guide to Writing about Virginia Indians and Virginia Indian History," in Virginia Civics, Item #596.
Pocahontas, image based on the only known portrait created during her lifetime, Library of Congress, Orig. 1616, Pub. 1624.
Pocahontas at the Court of King James, Library of Congress, 1907.
Pocahontas Saving the Life of Captain John Smith, Library of Congress, 1870.
The Wedding of Pocahontas with John Rolfe, Library of Congress, 1867.
This episode is part of our Footnoting Disney Series.
Pocahontas, Disney, (1995).
Pocahontas II: Journey to a New World, Disney, (1998).
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)