Wars between British colonizers and American Indians were a constant part of life in Colonial America. In this episode, Elizabeth explains the myriad ways American Indians became prisoners of war as well as how they were treated, including being sent as slaves to Barbados and other places.
Michael L. Fickes, “ “They Could Not Endure That Yoke:” The Captivity of Pequot Women and Children after the War of 1637,” The New England Quarterly 73:1 (2000), 58-81.
Linford D. Fisher, “ “Why shall wee have peace to bee made slaves:” Indian Surrenderers during and after King Philip’s War," Ethnohistory 64:1 (2017), 91-114.
Alan Gallay, The Indian Slave Trade: The Rise of the English Empire in the American South, 1670-1717, Yale University Press (2002).
Margaret Ellen Newell, Brethren by Nature: New England Indians, Colonists, and the Origins of American Slavery, Cornell University Press (2015).
Timothy J. Shannon, "French and Indian Cruelty? The Fate of the Oswego Prisoners of War, 1756-1758," New York History 95:3 (2014).
Cultural Consultant, National Association of Cultural and Heritage Preservation, Chenae Bullock’s LinkedIn.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)