How could a line of latitude become a rallying cry for war in the 19th century? Elizabeth examines the Oregon Border Dispute and explains the myths and passions surrounding the slogan.
Office of the Historian, Bureau of Public Affairs, United States Department of State.
Hans Sperber, "'Fifty-Four Forty or Fight': Facts and Fictions." American Speech .32:1 (1957): pp. 5-11.
Edwin A. Miles, ""Fifty-four Forty or Fight"--An American Political Legend", The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 44:2 ,(1957): 291-309, doi:10.2307/1887191.
Herschel I. Grossman, “FIFTY-FOUR FORTY OR FIGHT!” National Bureau of Economic Research (2003).
Emerson Hough, 54-40 or Fight, 1909.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)