The religious consequences of the European Reformation are often part of our education. But the 16th century saw reformations across the globe: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, and Aztec beliefs. At the heart of this change was Mughal Emperor Akbar, who combined all of these beliefs into a single new global religion: Divine Faith.
Makhan Lal Roy Choudhury. The Din-i-Ilahi: Or, the Religion of Akbar. 1941.
Merry Wiesner-Hanks, Religious Transformations in the Early Modern World: A Brief History with Documents. St Martin's Press: 2009
A.V. Williams Jackson, "Akbar's Reforms -- The Divine Faith -- 1566-1605 AD" in History of India, Vol. IV of From the Reign of Akbar the Great to the Fall of the Moghul Empire. 1906.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin MacLeod (www.incompetech.com)
Joanna I of Naples led a fascinating life marked by both triumph and tragedy. Orphaned as a child, married four times, and rumored to have had her first husband killed outside her own bedchamber, she was a controversial figure even in her own day. Join us as we examine the ups and downs of one of the most powerful (yet oft-forgotten) women of the fourteenth century.
Nancy Goldstone. The Lady Queen: The Notorious Reign of Joanna I, Queen of Naples, Jerusalem, and Sicily. Walker Books, 2009.
Nancy Goldstone. Four Queens: The Provençal Sisters Who Ruled Europe. Penguin, 2007.
Elizabeth Casteen. "Sex and Politics in Naples: The Regnant Queenship of Johanna I of Naples, 1343 – 1382." Journal of the Historical Society 11 (June 2011): 183–210.
Welbore St. Clair Baddeley. Queen Joanna I of Naples, Sicily, and Jerusalem, Countess of Provence, Forcalquier, and Piedmont: An Essay on Her Times. London: William Heinemann, 1893. *Note: Like all good 19th-century antiquarians, St. Clair Baddeley was in possession of two things: a fabulous name and very firm opinions. His biography makes for delightful reading but isn't terribly objective or academically rigorous.*
(archive.org page) (PDF)
Angevin Family Tree
It's Bastille Day weekend so we make a return to France for today's topic. In the third installment of our Revolutionary France series, we'll talk about the scandals, intrigues, and tragedies of Napoleon and his inner circle.
Podcasters: Christine and Nathan
Diana Reid Haig. The Letters of Napoleon and Josephine. Ravenhall Books, 2005.
Henry Foljambe Hall. Napoleon's Letters to Josephine, 1796-1812. J.M. Dent & Co., 1901 (archive.org)
Andrea Stuart. The Rose of Martinique: A Life of Napoleon's Josephine. Grove Press, 2007.
Harold T. Parker. “The Formation of Napoleon’s Personality: An Exploratory Essay.” French Historical Studies, 7:1 (Spring 1971). pp. 6-26.
Laure Junot Abrantès. At the Court of Napoleon: Memoirs of the Duchesse d’Abrantès. Ed. Olivier Bernier. Doubleday, 1992.
Music: "Evening Melodrama" by Kevin Macleod (www.incompetech.com)
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